History Of German Shepherd Dog
The Deutsche Schaferhund comes from the family of livestock guarding dogs. They varied in type ranging from district to district.
In the late 1800s, a German officer, Captain Max von Stephanitz, ideally made it his life mission to enhance the German herder.
Many like-minded dog lovers and Stephanitz crossed different strains from the central and northern districts of Germany.
Von Stephanitz founded the first club devoted only for this breed. He spends close to 30 years refining the German Shepherd Dog.
At present, the GSDs performance is thoroughly enjoyed by dog lover around the world.
The breeds stealth, speed, agility, and intelligence, and the attitude of firm authority.
They became very popular in America in the 1900s. Thanks to the movie dog heroes star Strongheart and Rin-Tin-Tin.
The German Shepherd Dog and Dachshund faced anti-German backlash during the world wars. During the wartime, the breed was called Alsatian, a name preferred by British lovers still prefer.
With the emergence of herding and livestock management as a dog occupation, Stephanitz intelligently promoted this as an ideal police dog.
The German Shepherd Dog is the best dog for military and police units at present.
In Great Britain, the name was actively changed to Alsatian, reminding the Alsace-Lorraine border region.
How Both Are Different
- Both have different names but the same breed.
- This breed is known by different names in different regions of the world. Some regions called it German shepherd and others called Alsatian. But there are also some countries in which both names are known. In these areas, people believe that they belong to a different breed.
- The name Alsatian has come from Alsace-Lorraine. . While the German Shepherd belongs to Germany.
- German Shepherd term is used by Germany. while Alsatian is used by the British .
Difference Between Alsatian And German Shepherd
Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Alsatian and German shepherd
Alsatian vs German shepherd
When talking of dog breeds Alsatian and German shepherd, most of the people considered the two as different. It is one of the misconceptions that people have about dog breeds that Alsatian and German shepherd are different breeds.
No one has to think Alsatian and German shepherd as two breeds. There are lots of people who can talk broadly about the difference between the two breeds. These all talks are baseless and do not contain a pinch of truth. The real fact is that there is no difference between the two. The only difference is that they were called by different names in different countries.
An Alsatian breed was so called after the Alsace-Lorraine region bordering France and German. The German Shepard gets its name from Germany. The dog was initially called Deustcher Schaferhund, which meant German Shepherd Dog.
The German shepherd breed was noticed in Germany as far as 1899 and was bred as working dog. It was also bred for its protective instincts and high intelligence. It was during World War I and II that the German Shepard dogs were termed Alsatian Wolf dogs. The British did not want to have the stigma of word German connected to the dog during the World Wars. Later the word Wolf was taken off and it just went by the name of Alsatian.
Don’t Miss: What Are Some Good Names For German Shepherds
Saddle Back German Shepherd Dog
This by far the most common of all types of German Shepherd. While they are usually of two colors, it is the distinctiveness of their markings which gives them this name. The saddle part refers to a patch of black fur which lays over their back, resembling the shape of a saddle on a horse. Some people refer to this as a âblanketâ pattern, interpreting the shape as of a blanket were laid over their back.
The other color of Saddle Back German Shepherds are usually either tan or red. In many dog shows and competitions, the more vibrant the color, the better the scoring. Liver color is not welcomed and may be used to deduct points in German Shepherd show dogs. They usually also have a black muzzle which covers their snout and parts of their face. Other areas such as their tail may exhibit black coloration.
Why German Shepherds Are Called Alsatian
Many kennel clubs and countries called the German Shepherd Dog, the Alsatian, to avoid the word German due to anti-German sentiments.
Although Alsatian is another name of German shepherd dog, this new name became popular, and some people are beginning to think of it as a different breed of dog.
Today, in some areas, people still use Alsatian but remember that there is no difference between the two.
Regardless of what you call it a German Shepherd or Alsatian, this breed is one of the most popular dog breeds of the last few decades.
You May Like: How Many Vaccinations Does A German Shepherd Need
Czech German Shepherd Colors
Czech German Shepherds come in sable, black, or a mix of the two colors. The black look is less prominent than sable, and the dog doesnt come in as expansive a range as its traditional counterpart, the German Shepherd, mainly because Czech GSDs were bred for work and not looks.
Gorgeous 7-Month Old Sable Czech GSD
Ironically, that didnt stop people from getting fascinated by the dogs looks anyway. Among the key visual aspects admired by people who adopt Czech German Shepherds is the dogs sheer size. This brings us to the breeds temperament.
German Shepherd Or Alsatian
Lets make one thing clear: the German Shepherd Dog and Alsatian are the same breeds of dogs. There is no difference between them whatsoever. They just happen to go by different names. The way this happened is pretty understandable considering the situation the world was in during the 1940s.
When World War II broke out, the Allies, countries composed of Great Britain, the United States, China, and the Soviet Union were against the Axis Powers made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan. During the war, both sides were using working dogs and the German Shepherd was a very popular breed amongst the countries. German Shepherds are big working dogs with extreme intelligence and a strong sense of loyalty.
Unfortunately, the Allies, particularly Great Britain didnt want to use the name German Shepherd for the working dog breed. The Germans were their natural arch-enemy so it was only normal for them to disassociate themselves from anything German related. They renamed the German Shepherd Dog to Alsatian after the German-French border area of Alsace-Lorraine where British forces battled the German soldiers.
Also Check: How To Gain Weight For German Shepherd
History Of German Shepherd
There was a time in Europe, around 1850, when the standardization of the canine breed was at its peak. Most people breed their dogs only to preserve the traits that help them protect their animals from predators.
At first, these practices were common in local communities in Germany, but with increasing popularity in 1891, Phylax society came into being.
The main goal of the Phylax Society was to standardize dog breeds across the country. Due to some conflicts between members of the society, the Phylax Society was banned after three years of operation.
The conflict between the members occurs because some member thinks that dogs are raised only for the sole purpose of working.
The remaining members believed that dogs are bred only for their appearance. Unfortunately, the Phylax Society was unable to unite its members, and each member began to standardize different breeds independently.
Among the members of the Phylax Society, there was a student from the Berlin veterinary faculty, Max von Stephanitz, who is also a former captain of Calvary.
He was one of the members who believed that the dog should be bred for the sole purpose of work.
Von Stephanitz, in 1899, went to a dog show and bought a dog named Horand von Grafrath. He noted that Horands has exceptional traits such as intelligence, strength, and loyalty. Above all, he is a perfect working dog.
Alsatian Dog Name Change
In many parts of the world the Alsatian dog is just another name for the German Shepherd dog. It is only in the United States where there is a separate breed known as the American Alsatian.
In the United Kingdom during the First World War there was an anti-German feeling was strong. This resulted in the changing of many German Sounding names to more anglicized names. Even the Royal Family changed their name from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to Windsor. Leading up to the Second World War there was again a rise in ant- German sentiment and it was during this time that the name of the German Shepherd Dog was changed to Alsatian Dog. Strangely enough, it was British soldiers returning from Germany that helped popularize the German Shepherd Dog in Britain.
The UK Kennel club continued with the name Alsatian with the name German Shepherd in brackets. In 1977 the two names were reversed so the breed became known as the German Shepherd In 2010 the word Alsatian was removed from the breed name altogether.
The German Shepherd dog is a fairly recent breed. It was first recognised in 1899. It has fast become one of the most popular breeds on both sides of the Atlantic. They are the second most registered breed in the United States and the fourth most registered breed in the United Kingdom.
Read Also: When Does A German Shepherd Ears Stand Up
When Were German Shepherds Alsatians
The name Alsatian remained for five decades, until 1977, when successful campaigns by dog enthusiasts pressured the British kennel clubs to allow the breed to be registered again as German Shepherds. The word Alsatian still appeared in parentheses as part of the formal breed name and was only removed in 2010.
Alsatians Are German Shepherds Or German Shepherds Alsatians
The German Shepherd and Alsatian is the same dog breed, the German Shepherd being the official and more popular name. The Alsatian was not an official breed name since England change it back to German Shepherd in 1977.Regardless of what name you called this dog breed, they are one of the best dog breeds in the world and one of the best police dog breeds. The only thing that will really determine what name you call these dogs would be what part of the world you live in. But in most parts of the World, you will be calling them German Shepherds as many people and especially many young people on the globe may not have even heard of the name Alsatian.
Recommended Reading: How Does A German Shepherd Puppy Look Like
Temperament Of German Shepherd Dog
You will be surprised to know that this breed needs to work to be happy.
He cant stay in the corner of the house and do nothing.
He will always need to have something to do because it is full of energy, and it has to burn it.
German Shepherd dog or Alsatian is a mix of fearless expression, self-confidence, and power.
German Shepherd dog does not lend itself to immediate friendship.
This dog has multiple capacities, and it can change and adapt to different circumstances.
It can be a great companion, watchdog, Leader, Herding, or working Dog.
A Short History The Role Of German Shepherd And How Alsatians Evolved
During the world war, both sides were employing the German Shepherd in their ranks to attack, surprise and outmaneuver their opponents. The German Shepherd being a big working dog with high intelligence and a natural propensity for training was considered to be of great value by the armed forces and was therefore hotly pursued. However, the British were loath to using the name German Shepherd as the Germans were their arch-enemy and they didnt want to associate with the Germans in any way, at least symbolically in this case. So, they coined a new name for the German Shepherd, Alsatian, which somehow some people has come to refer to as a different dog breed.
Read Also: Can German Shepherds Live In Apartments
How Many Types Of German Shepherd Are There
While the medium and longhair varieties are the only recognized length of coat for purebred German Shepherds, the color of said coat can be varied. Not all will be allowed in competition, with some color variations being considered to be faults affecting their scoring. In terms of coat color, there are the following different types of German Shepherd:
It should be noted that not all types of German Shepherds are accepted by all breed associations such as the FCI . Similarly, there are dogs which look very similar to the German Shepherd, but are not considered part of the breed. We will discuss these breeds further below.
Different Types Of German Shepherd
These fierce and intelligent dogs are classified into two main types, show line and working line. You will be surprised by the fact that German Shepherds show line is divided into five different types.
The most common characters that separate different types of show lines are their coat and color. The coat can be differentiated according to the length of the hair. On the other hand, the working line is differentiated depending on their health and personality.
You May Like: What Does A German Shepherd Look Like
What Is The Difference Between Straight Backed German Shepherd
German Shepherd no slope backs and straight backs are from the working line. Most GSDs from the show line are sloped backs. According to some breeders and some GSD clubs, having sloped backs and angulated hind legs will give GSDs more force in their gait, allowing them to function better than straight backs.
Isnt There A Breed Called The American Alsatian
Yes, but these dogs have absolutely nothing to do with German Shepherds.
The American Alsatian is a new breed, dating back to the 1980s. Its also called the North American Shepalute, so apparently the British dont have a monopoly on silly names.
Breeders designed the American Alsatian to be a recreation of the dire wolf, a species that has long since gone extinct. As youd expect, they look more like wolves than they do German Shepherds, so theres no mistaking the two breeds.
However, that doesnt mean they dont have German Shepherd DNA in them. In fact, the first American Alsatian was created by crossing a German Shepherd with an Alaskan Malamute. They would later mix in breeds like the English Mastiff, Great Pyrenees, Irish Wolfhound, and Anatolian Shepherd.
The end result is a massive, intimidating dog with a sweet and loyal disposition. If the German Shepherd is the perfect gift for the Band of Brothers lover in your life, you should get an American Alsatian for the Game of Thrones fanatic.
Don’t Miss: How Long Does It Take To Train A German Shepherd
German Shepherds And Alsatians
Yes, A lot of people have this question, and often they are very confused. So here is a Simple and Clear Answer.
Are German Shepherd and Alsatian same? There is no difference between Alsatian and German Shepherd Dog. After World War 1 The Uk Kennel Club changed German Shepherds name to Alsatian Wolf Dog because of strong anti-German Sentiment. But Wolf Dog was dropped from the name Because it could harm the dogs popularity. In 2010 the dog Was renamed German Shepherd By Uk Kennel Club.
German Shepherd and Alsatian are 2 different names of 1 dog. After the world war 1 Uk Wanted to use the German shepherd dogs as military dogs as they were brilliant and excellent War dogs.
Uk did not want to use the word German, so they called the dog Alsatian.
Another reason was also protecting the dog because people Had a very negative feeling and the German Shepherd name could be dangerous for the dog.
Lets have a little look in the history to clear all the confusion.
Is It Possible There Is A Difference Between Alsatian And German Shepherd Dog Breeds
The fact remains that, no one should think of the Alsatian and German Shepherd as two breeds. There are many people who can talk widely about the difference between the two breeds. All of this talk is baseless and lacks a sliver of truth. The true fact is that there is no difference between the two. The only difference is that they were called differently in different countries.
The Alsatian breed was so named after the Alsace-Lorraine region bordering France and Germany. The German Shepherd got its name from Germany. The dog was originally called the Deustcher Schaferhund, which means German Shepherd in German.
German Shepherd is the dog of medium-large dog. It is very intelligent, smart and obedient. They are the protector and have the ability to work. It is also known as a police dog or detective dog. They are very active dogs.Alsatian:Alsatian is a German Shepherd dog. The British didnt want to call their dogs German so they decided on the name Alsatian. Later, after the war, the British changed the name back to German Shepherd Dog. He is versatile and excellent at anything he is trained to do.
Recommended Reading: What Age Can A German Shepherd Get Pregnant
Skeletal Health And Supplementation
Musculoskeletal disorders are debilitating conditions that are often associated with genetic makeup, malnutrition, and stress-related events. Some breeds like the German shepherd, are predisposed to a variety of different skeletal disorders, including but not limited to: canine hip dysplasia, Cauda equina syndrome, and osteoarthritis. These conditions can be a result of poor breeding or induced by intense exercise and poor diet.
Canine hip dysplasia is an orthopedic condition resulting from abnormal development of the hip joint and surrounding tissue causing the instability and partial dislocation of the hip joint, resulting in pain, inflammation, lameness, and potentially osteoarthritis of the joint. German shepherds are genetically predisposed to CHD and the University of Veterinary Medicine in Germany found its prevalence estimated to be approximately 35% of veterinary cases associated with the disorder.
Osteoarthritis is one of the main contributors of musculoskeletal pain and disabilities that commonly affect German shepherds. Mechanical stress, oxidative damage and inflammatory mediators combine to induce the gradual degeneration of the articular cartilage in the joint, resulting in reduced muscle mass, pain, and locomotion.
Vitamins such as A and D also have crucial roles in bone development and maintenance by regulating bone and calcium metabolism. Adequate levels should be incorporated into a German shepherd diet to promote a healthy musculoskeletal system.